Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Using Reported Speech.

"Acrobat on a Ball", by Pablo Picasso

Change the following direct quotes to reported speech. Follow the "Sequence of Tenses" rule.

1. She said, "I watch TV everyday."

2. Bob said, "I will help you."

3. Jennifer asked, "What do you want?"

4. Sid asked, "Are you hungry"

5. Bruce said, "I'm going to move to Ohio."

6. Connie asked, "Did you enjoy your trip?"

7. Dick asked, "What are you talking about?"

8. Nancy asked, "Have you seen my grammar book?"

9. Susan said, "I don't want to go with you."

10. David asked, "Can you come to my party?"

11. Mike said, "I may be late. I have a lot to do."

12. My daughter often asked, "Why is the sky blue?"

13. My mother asked, "Why are you so tired?"

14. "I will come to the meeting," Juan said.

15. "The sun rises in the East," Mr. Ross explained.

16. She said, "I need a vacation."

17. Mr. Clark asked me, "Where are you going?"

18. She asked me, "When will you get back from your trip?"

19. He asked me, "Does it take longer to go there by bus?"

20. Our son said to us, "Please, send me more money right away."

21. He asked us, "Please, sit down for a few minutes."

22. The police officer said to me, "Don't make so much noise."

23. The teacher said to us, "Don't expect to learn English in one year."

24. My doctor said to me, "Don't worry about your blood test."

25. Mario said, "I can't understand the teacher."

26. Sally said, "I must leave class early today."

27. Steve said, "I'm sorry I haven't been in class."

28. "Where did the teacher go yesterday?" Maria asked.

29. "Have your students all been registered?" Lisa asked me.

Monday, December 7, 2009

Making questions with "recently" and "lately".

"Back Seat Dodge ’38,” by Edward Kienholz

Use the following words to make yes/no questions in the
Present Perfect Tense.

1. write to your family lately

2. go to the library recently.

3. go to the zoo lately.

4. see any good movies lately.

5. receive any letters lately.

6. be absent lately.

7. have a job interview lately.

8. read any good books recently.

9. make any long-distance calls lately.

10. take any tests recently.

11. visit your aunt lately.

12. be on any trips recently.

13. eat any tasty desserts recently.

14. find any good restaurants recently.

15. plant any new flowers in your garden recently.

Saturday, December 5, 2009

Answer the question "How Long". Use the Present Perfect.

"A Bowl of Grapes" by Georges Braque, 1926

1. How long have you known each other? (three years)

2. How long has your sister had a headache? (this morning)

3. How long have Mr. and Mrs. Gonzales been married? (2005)

4. How long has Mrs. Bennet been a guidance counselor? (nineteen years)

5. How long have you owned that car? (three and a half years)

6. How long has Steven owned his house? (2008)

7. How long have you been interested in biotechnology? (many years)

8. How long have there been satellites in space? (1957)

9. How long have there been mice in your attic? (I moved here)

10. How long has Maria been interested in photography? (she studied it in college)

11. How long has Louise been the manager of the store? (several years)

Thursday, December 3, 2009

Use the "Present Perfect Tense" to fill the blanks.

"Woman With Guitar" by Cubist George Braque

1. Tom (always/dream) of going to graduate school.

2. Roberto (study) at two different language schools.

3. He (be) in San Francisco for only a short time.

4. (he/find) many new friends yet?

5. He (meet) many new friends at Mission Campus of City College.

6. (he/discover) any useful ways to learn English?

7. Well, he (always/enjoy) American and English movies.

8. However, he (not/see) many movies in English.

9. He (always/sing) songs in English. He likes the Beatles.

10. He (translate) ten French songs into English this year.

11. Sylvia (love) music in any language since she was a child.

12. (she/ever/go) to a concert?

13. (she/go) to more than 20 concerts since the fall.

14. (she/not/attend) an opera in English yet.

Friday, November 20, 2009

Present Perfect or Simple Past. Write the correct form.

"Phillip IV in Armour, 1628" by Diego Velasquez

Fill in each blank with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis. Use Present Perfect or Simple past, whatever you think is appropriate. Check your answer by clicking on the drop down menu to the right of the blank.

1. He in the U. S. for a few years. (live)

2. He to San Francisco eight years ago. (move)

3. You his resume, haven't you? (see)

4. Mr. Johnson a letter from Steven. (just, get)

5. There many applicants for the job lately. (be)

6. Daniel's parents in the hotel business. (always, be)

7. Daniel from the University of California. (recently, graduate)

8. I Daniel's resume yet. (no, read)

9. the general manager already the position? (fill)

10. There several openings for this position last year. (be)

11. They how to paint pictures since they very young. (know)

12. Mary in a hotel 2007. (work)

13. Tom the front office manager since he from college. (be, graduate)

14. Judith Computer Science when she was a student at the university. (study)

15. Tom and Mary at the hotel since 2006. Before that, they in a bank. (work)

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Grammartalk 11, Page 1 - Future, Real Conditional

"Tulip" by Georgia O'Keefe

A: How will you get to work tomorrow?
B: If it rains, I’ll drive my car.
A: What if it doesn’t rain?
B: If it doesn’t rain, I’ll walk to work.
A: If it’s sunny, I’ll eat my lunch outside.
B: I’ll have my lunch on the grass if it’s nice out.
A: What are we having for dinner tonight?
B: If we’re hungry, we’ll have a full course meal.
A: What if we’re not very hungry?
B: We’ll just have some soup if we’re not too hungry.
A: If I’m not tired, I’ll cook dinner tonight.
B: Let’s go to a restaurant if we’re too tired to cook.
A: What’s the matter with Fred? Is he sick?
B: Yes, he is. But, he’s getting over it slowly.
A: Will he be at work if he feels better tomorrow?
B: Yes, but if he doesn’t feel better, he’ll stay home and rest another day.
A: If he stays home, he won’t finish the report.
B: He won’t get a raise unless he finishes it on time.
A: Should I buy a car? I can’t decide.
B: If you buy a car, you’ll have to spend a lot of money.
A: If I spend too much, I won’t have enough to pay the rent.
B: If you’re short of cash, I’ll lend you a hundred dollars.
A: If you lend me money, I’ll pay you back soon.
B: I think you’d better not buy that car.
A: Maybe we shouldn’t move to New York.
B: If you move there, you’ll be far away from your grandchildren.
A: If we don’t see them very often, we’ll be sad.
B: If you miss them too much, you’ll fly to San Francisco a lot.
A: If we fly a lot, we’ll spend too much for plane fare.
B: You probably shouldn’t move to New York.
A: Would you like to go to the beach with me?
B: If I go to the beach, I might get a sunburn.
A: You won’t get a sunburn if you use sun screen.
B: If I get a sunburn, it will itch a lot.
A: Your sunburn won’t itch because you won’t get one.
B: If we go to the beach, do we have to swim?
A: Careful, put on your safety glasses.
B: I’ll wear them if you really think they’re necessary.
A: If you don’t wear them, you might hurt your eyes.
B: Okay, I’ll put them on right away if you insist.
A: If you are careful on the job, you won’t get hurt.
B: If I wear my safety glasses, I’ll feel safer.
A: Unless you stop smoking, you’ll start a fire here.
B: Why will I start a fire if I smoke a cigarette?
A: There are inflammable chemicals all around us.
B: Oh, I didn’t know. I’ll put it out right away.
A: If the boss see you smoking, he’ll have a fit.
B: Okay, I won’t smoke anymore on the job.
A: You know, you shouldn’t drive so fast.
B: If I don’t drive fast, I won’t be on time to work.
A: But you might have an accident if you don’t slow down.
B: If I’m not on time to work, I might lose my job.
A: If you speed, you could get a ticket.
B: Okay, you’re right. I’ll try to drive a little slower.
A: If Jose works overtime, he’ll make more money.
B: But if he works too much, he’ll be very tired.
A: He can buy a house if he saves enough money.
B: He might find a better job if he looks around.
A: Yes. He has a lot of ability.
B: However, if he looks for a new job, he might not find one.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Grammartalk 17. Embedded (included) Questions.

"Studio with Plaster Head" by Pablo Picasso

A: I'm trying to find the man who robbed the bank. Can you tell me what he looks like?
B: I'm sorry. I don't know what he looks like. I didn't see his face.
A: Did you see his car? Do you remember the color of the car and the make?
B: I believe it was a Ford, but I'm not sure what color it was. It might have been blue.
A: I would be really helpful if you knew the license number of the car.
B: No. I definitely couldn't tell you what the license number was.

A: I don't know much about our parents' lives before we were born. Do you?
B: I'm only two years older than you. I don't know much about them either.
A: Do you by any chance know when they were married?
B: I have no idea when they were married. It might have been fifteen years ago or even 20 years ago.
A: Do you know where they lived before they moved to Newport?
B: They told me once, but I forgot where they used to live. It might have been New York City, but I'm not sure.

A: Alan Fisher is doing a great job for the company. How long has he worked here?
B: You know, I have no idea how long he's been working here.
A: Has he always worked at that desk? Or, has he worked at another desk?
B: I'm not sure if he's always worked at that desk or not. He might have worked at the one next to the water cooler.
A: Did he use to bring his lunch to work or has he always gone to the corner for lunch?
B: Steve Parker can tell you if Allan has always eaten lunch at the restaurant on the corner or not. Why don't you ask Steve?

A: Could you please tell me what time the concert begins?
B: I believe it begins at 8:00 PM, but I'm not sure when it ends.
A: Do you happen to know if there is parking near the concert hall?
B: You can park in the garage, but it's quite expensive. If I were you, I'd arrive early and try to find a parking space on the street.
A: Is there a good restaurant near the concert hall?
B: I don't know if there are any good restaurants nearby or not. I've never been to a restaurant in that neighborhood.

A: I'm calling about the apartment at 379 Sanchez Street. Can you tell me if it's been rented or not?
B: Not yet. But a lot of people have called. Would you like to see it?
A: I'd like to ask you a couple of questions first, if that's okay.
B: Sure. I don't know if I can answer all your questions, but I'll do my best.
A: I understand it's a fourth floor apartment. I'd like to know if there are any elevators.
B: Yes, in fact, the building has two elevators. But I believe one of them is broken.
A: Do you know if the apartment has a modern kitchen?
B: I'm pretty sure the kitchen is modern. There's a problem with the garbage disposal, but they're going to fix it next week.

A: Grandma, when did you learn to knit?
B: I can't remember when I learned to knit. It was a long time ago.
A: Why doesn't mother like to knit?
B: I don't know why she doesn't like to knit. You'll have to ask her.
A: Grandma, I've been thinking. Why do elephants have long ears?
B: I have no idea why elephants have long ears. You'll have to consult the encyclopedia.

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Grammartalk 15, Page 1

A: Sally was very late to work yesterday. She shouldn't have been so late.
B: I know. She went to a party last night, didn't she?
A: Yes, she did. She was smiling when she came home. She must have had a good time.
B: But she really shouldn't have gone to that late night party.
A: Right. It would have been better if she stayed home.
B: I'll say. Also, she should have gotten up much earlier.

A: Jack's car broke down this morning.
B: I'm surprised to hear that. Jack has a new car.
A: Well, as a matter of fact, he ran out of gas.
B: It's easy to see what he should have done.
A: He should have filled up the tank before he left.
B: Exactly. He should have paid closer attention to the gas gauge.

A: Marvin failed his Spanish test last week.
B: He shouldn't have spoken only English with his classmates.
A: Right, and he rarely attended class. He only went to school when he felt like it.
B: Not only did he skip class frequently, but when he attended, he nodded off.
A: Oh, no. He definitely shouldn't have slept in class.

A: Maria is unhappy in her marriage. What went wrong?
B: She and Jerry rushed into marriage. They got married after going together for only one week.
A: They should have waited longer before deciding to tie the knot.
B: I heard that they started to fight over every little thing.
A: They shouldn't have fought so much. They should have tried to understand each other better.

A: Barry didn't do as well as he should have at his job interview.
B: Yes. He should have gotten that job. He's very well qualified..
A: What should Barry have done differently?
B: For one thing, he should have spoken more confidently.
A: His clothes were too flashy. They weren't conservative enough.
B: He should have dressed more conservatively.
A: She should have arrived on time for his appointment.

A: Barry asked a lot of questions about paid vacations.
B: He shouldn't have brought that subject up at the job interview.
A: He ate his lunch during the interview. That was pretty inappropriate.
B: Not only that, he spilled mayonnaise on the carpet. He shouldn't have eaten a turkey sandwich.
A: He should have left that terrible tie at home. It clashed with his other clothes.
B: It is a loud yellow tie.

Grammartalk 15, Page 2

A: My shoes are too new. Even though I wore thick socks, I got blisters.
B: You should only wear new shoes an hour a day until they're broken in.
A: I might not have bought the right size. Different brands vary in size.
B: You should have walked around in the store to check them out.
A: Right. I shouldn't have been in such a hurry to buy them.
B: You shouldn't have worn your new shoes all day. You're bound to have blisters if you do.

A: Mary's computer crashed this morning. She lost all her documents.
B: That's terrible. Were her files backed up?
A: I'm afraid not. She found a company that promised they would retrieve some of them, but not all of them.
A: It's easy to see what she should have done.
B: She should have saved her files on a disk or on a CD.
A: Exactly. It would have spared her a lot of grief.

A: Marvin forgot his wife's birthday again last week.
B: He shouldn't have forgotten it. That was a big mistake. Was his wife upset?
A: She was no where to be found the next day. She must have gone to her sister's house.
B: Marvin should have circled the date on his calendar to remind himself.
A: Not only did he forget her birthday, he also failed to remember their tenth anniversary.
B: Oh, no. He definitely shouldn't have let that one slip his mind.

A: Sophia is unhappy in her job. Do you know what the problem is?
B: Her employer made her work two extra hours everyday last week without paying her more.
A: She should have gotten overtime pay. Why didn't she?
B: I don't know. She could have spoken to her union representative about it, but she didn't.
A: She must have been afraid to offend her employer, but come on, fair is fair.
B: She accepted that position a little too quickly. With her qualifications and experience, I think she could have done better.

A: Vicky's a great tennis player, but she really played badly yesterday.
B: She lost the tournament, but she should have won.
A: She should have practiced more.
B: Also, she should have done more warm up exercises before the match. And she went to a party the night before and drank too much.
A: She shouldn't have had alcohol the day before that important game.
B: She should have avoided parties until after the tournament.

A: Boy, I'm really cold. It's freezing today.
B: You shouldn't have worn that short sleeve shirt.
A: I know. I should have put on a warm sweater.
B: You shouldn't have walked to school in this weather. You might have caught a cold.
A: I should have taken the bus. It's much warmer inside the bus.
B: You shouldn't have even thought about wearing sandals. Your toes must feel like ice.

Modal Plus Present Perfect Links

Modal Plus Present Perfect Chart
Modal Plus Present Perfect Test

Grammartalk 15, Page 3

A: I can't find Charlie's Restaurant in the phone book. It used to be so popular.
B: He must have gone out of business. I'm not surprised. The quality has been going downhill in recent years.
A: The chef he had working for him was top notch. The food was really exceptional.
B: That chef must have quit. He might have found a higher paying restaurant.
A: It's really a shame. Charlie's Restaurant was one of the best places for seafood in town.
B: We must have eaten there more than fifty times, but that's a rough guess.

A: I'm really frustrated. EVery time I call this number, I get their voice mail.
B: It's twelve thirty. They must have gone out to lunch. What's the problem?
A: I'm having trouble with this new printer. I'm trying to get some advice from technical support.
B: The power light isn't on. You must not have plugged it in.
A: My God. How could I have forgotten to plug it in? That's what's wrong, of course.
B: Try plugging it in and see if that solves your problem. If not, you might have to take your printer back to the place you bought it.

A: How is the investigation proceeding, Detective Polumbo? Are you any closer to solving the mystery?
B: I have several important clues. You see those muddy footprints? They must have been left by the killer.
A: That's unlikely, sir. Look at your own shoes. You must have tracked mud in here yourself.
B: Hmmm. You're right. These prints are exactly my shoe size.
A: Any other important clues to report?
B: I just analyzed the bullet wound. It must have been caused by a Smith and Wesson revolver.
A: That's exactly the kind of revolver you're carrying. You must be the murderer!!

A: Do you know where my reading glasses are? I thought I left them on the bookshelf.
B: I saw them on your briefcase next to the kitchen table.
A: I must have used them to read the morning paper. Then, I must have just set them on the briefcase absentmindedly.
B: Be careful where you leave your glasses. Some day, you might lose them.
A: Do you have any idea where my briefcase is? I must have searched everywhere for it.
B: I think it's in the kitchen. Don't you remember? I just told you that your glasses are sitting on it.

A: You're very tired today, aren't you? You must not have slept very well last night.
B: Every morning, I get up at five. That means I have to be in bed asleep no later than ten.
A: So you must have gone to bed too late. When did you fall asleep?
B: I didn't fall asleep until around two in the morning. I was too nervous to sleep.
A: I know. You're a fan of horror movies. You must have seen a really scary movie on TV before you went to bed last night. Right or Wrong?
B: You guessed it. I saw "Night of The Serial Killers." It was one of the worst movies I've ever seen. And it scared the daylights out of me.

A: Judy has been smiling all day long, and she hasn't been concentrating on her work.
B: She must have had a good time on her date last night. She went out with Jeff Hoyle again.
A: But she has gone out with Jeff Hoyle before. She has never been this happy the next day.
B: I think he finally must have proposed to her. That's why she's acting so distracted.
A: Is that why she keeps looking at that ring on her finger instead of typing reports?
B: It's definitely an engagement ring. The diamond is huge. It must have cost a fortune.

Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Compostion Assignment

Dear Level 7/8 Students,

Probably nothing makes life more worthwhile than friendship. Friends help us to understand ourselves. We say and do things with friends that are impossible when we're alone. I would like know who is important in your life. Who is your best friend? You may have a lot of friends, but I'd like you to write about just one friend. Who comes to mind as someone you feel a special connection with? Is it your wife, your husband, your boyfriend, or girlfriend? Or is it someone at work that you feel you can talk to? Or is it someone you like to do things with such as sports, going to movies, or eating out? Or is your closest friend a family member such as a brother, sister, mother, or father? Do you have someone in your life that you can really be honest with? Can you say anything that comes to your mind with this person? Maybe your closest friend isn't a human being, but an animal, a cat, a dog, or a horse. Maybe your closest friend is still in your country and you have to communicate by letter, by email, or by phone. Perhaps you'd rather write about a friend you had in childhood. That's okay too. Some children even have imaginary friends, not real people. Or perhaps your best friend is a spirit, a god, a tree, or a rock. Let your imagination go and have a good time writing your composition! Remember, that if you write something, it will probably appear in the New Mission Journal, our online magazine. Then, your friend, wherever he or she may be, will have the opportunity to read it.

Monday, February 9, 2009