Thursday, October 29, 2009

Links to Grammar Lessons for Review

Passive Voice from English
Modal Verb Tutorial
Verb Tense Tutorial
Passive Voice Exercises
Embedded Question Practice from English Zone
Noun Clauses from Feel Good English

Tuesday, October 13, 2009

Grammartalk 11, Page 1 - Future, Real Conditional

"Tulip" by Georgia O'Keefe

A: How will you get to work tomorrow?
B: If it rains, I’ll drive my car.
A: What if it doesn’t rain?
B: If it doesn’t rain, I’ll walk to work.
A: If it’s sunny, I’ll eat my lunch outside.
B: I’ll have my lunch on the grass if it’s nice out.
A: What are we having for dinner tonight?
B: If we’re hungry, we’ll have a full course meal.
A: What if we’re not very hungry?
B: We’ll just have some soup if we’re not too hungry.
A: If I’m not tired, I’ll cook dinner tonight.
B: Let’s go to a restaurant if we’re too tired to cook.
A: What’s the matter with Fred? Is he sick?
B: Yes, he is. But, he’s getting over it slowly.
A: Will he be at work if he feels better tomorrow?
B: Yes, but if he doesn’t feel better, he’ll stay home and rest another day.
A: If he stays home, he won’t finish the report.
B: He won’t get a raise unless he finishes it on time.
A: Should I buy a car? I can’t decide.
B: If you buy a car, you’ll have to spend a lot of money.
A: If I spend too much, I won’t have enough to pay the rent.
B: If you’re short of cash, I’ll lend you a hundred dollars.
A: If you lend me money, I’ll pay you back soon.
B: I think you’d better not buy that car.
A: Maybe we shouldn’t move to New York.
B: If you move there, you’ll be far away from your grandchildren.
A: If we don’t see them very often, we’ll be sad.
B: If you miss them too much, you’ll fly to San Francisco a lot.
A: If we fly a lot, we’ll spend too much for plane fare.
B: You probably shouldn’t move to New York.
A: Would you like to go to the beach with me?
B: If I go to the beach, I might get a sunburn.
A: You won’t get a sunburn if you use sun screen.
B: If I get a sunburn, it will itch a lot.
A: Your sunburn won’t itch because you won’t get one.
B: If we go to the beach, do we have to swim?
A: Careful, put on your safety glasses.
B: I’ll wear them if you really think they’re necessary.
A: If you don’t wear them, you might hurt your eyes.
B: Okay, I’ll put them on right away if you insist.
A: If you are careful on the job, you won’t get hurt.
B: If I wear my safety glasses, I’ll feel safer.
A: Unless you stop smoking, you’ll start a fire here.
B: Why will I start a fire if I smoke a cigarette?
A: There are inflammable chemicals all around us.
B: Oh, I didn’t know. I’ll put it out right away.
A: If the boss see you smoking, he’ll have a fit.
B: Okay, I won’t smoke anymore on the job.
A: You know, you shouldn’t drive so fast.
B: If I don’t drive fast, I won’t be on time to work.
A: But you might have an accident if you don’t slow down.
B: If I’m not on time to work, I might lose my job.
A: If you speed, you could get a ticket.
B: Okay, you’re right. I’ll try to drive a little slower.
A: If Jose works overtime, he’ll make more money.
B: But if he works too much, he’ll be very tired.
A: He can buy a house if he saves enough money.
B: He might find a better job if he looks around.
A: Yes. He has a lot of ability.
B: However, if he looks for a new job, he might not find one.

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Grammartalk 17. Embedded (included) Questions.

"Studio with Plaster Head" by Pablo Picasso

A: I'm trying to find the man who robbed the bank. Can you tell me what he looks like?
B: I'm sorry. I don't know what he looks like. I didn't see his face.
A: Did you see his car? Do you remember the color of the car and the make?
B: I believe it was a Ford, but I'm not sure what color it was. It might have been blue.
A: I would be really helpful if you knew the license number of the car.
B: No. I definitely couldn't tell you what the license number was.

A: I don't know much about our parents' lives before we were born. Do you?
B: I'm only two years older than you. I don't know much about them either.
A: Do you by any chance know when they were married?
B: I have no idea when they were married. It might have been fifteen years ago or even 20 years ago.
A: Do you know where they lived before they moved to Newport?
B: They told me once, but I forgot where they used to live. It might have been New York City, but I'm not sure.

A: Alan Fisher is doing a great job for the company. How long has he worked here?
B: You know, I have no idea how long he's been working here.
A: Has he always worked at that desk? Or, has he worked at another desk?
B: I'm not sure if he's always worked at that desk or not. He might have worked at the one next to the water cooler.
A: Did he use to bring his lunch to work or has he always gone to the corner for lunch?
B: Steve Parker can tell you if Allan has always eaten lunch at the restaurant on the corner or not. Why don't you ask Steve?

A: Could you please tell me what time the concert begins?
B: I believe it begins at 8:00 PM, but I'm not sure when it ends.
A: Do you happen to know if there is parking near the concert hall?
B: You can park in the garage, but it's quite expensive. If I were you, I'd arrive early and try to find a parking space on the street.
A: Is there a good restaurant near the concert hall?
B: I don't know if there are any good restaurants nearby or not. I've never been to a restaurant in that neighborhood.

A: I'm calling about the apartment at 379 Sanchez Street. Can you tell me if it's been rented or not?
B: Not yet. But a lot of people have called. Would you like to see it?
A: I'd like to ask you a couple of questions first, if that's okay.
B: Sure. I don't know if I can answer all your questions, but I'll do my best.
A: I understand it's a fourth floor apartment. I'd like to know if there are any elevators.
B: Yes, in fact, the building has two elevators. But I believe one of them is broken.
A: Do you know if the apartment has a modern kitchen?
B: I'm pretty sure the kitchen is modern. There's a problem with the garbage disposal, but they're going to fix it next week.

A: Grandma, when did you learn to knit?
B: I can't remember when I learned to knit. It was a long time ago.
A: Why doesn't mother like to knit?
B: I don't know why she doesn't like to knit. You'll have to ask her.
A: Grandma, I've been thinking. Why do elephants have long ears?
B: I have no idea why elephants have long ears. You'll have to consult the encyclopedia.